The mentioned points are given in alphabetic order
Administrative Provinces of China
As of September 2017, China (The People's Republic of China) has 22 provinces; One claimed province, Five Autonomous Regions, Four municipalities, and Two Special Administrative Regions. These are the first-level administrative divisions of China.

Azad Kashmir
The so-called Azad Kashmir is part of the western Kashmir region, western Jammu region, and the Union territory of Ladakh. This is a major issue between India and Pakistan. The area shares a border with Gilgit−Baltistan in the north, and it is referred to by the United Nations and other international organizations as "Pakistan-Administered Kashmir". The so-called Azad Kashmir is separated from the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir by the Line of Control (LoC) - the de-facto border between India and Pakistan.

The maps may show it as part of Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir (India), as under Instrument of Accession, the entire state of Jammu and Kashmir legally and constitutionally became an integral part of India.
Catalonia is a region of Spain; it is on the northeastern extreme of the Iberian peninsula. Catalonia consists of four provinces - Barcelona, Girona, Lleida, and Tarragona. The capital of the region is Barcelona.

Crimea is not a part of Russia.

The Crimean Peninsula is located on the northern coast of the Black Sea. The peninsula is completely surrounded by the Black Sea as well as the Sea of Azov. Crimea is located south of Kherson, a region in Ukraine, and to the west of the Kuban in Russia.

Though Crimea is pro-Russian, it is a part of Ukraine. In 2014, Russia, backed by pro-Russian separatists, forcibly invaded Ukraine. This was after Viktor Yanukovych, the pro-Russian president of Ukraine, was ousted in the 2014 Ukrainian revolution.

The local authorities were forced to hold an unconstitutional referendum on Crimea's reunification with Russia. The annexation is not recognized by the majority of the international community, which regards Crimea as a part of Ukraine. However, Ukraine still asserts its right over Crimea.

Dokdo /Takeshima/ Liancourt Rocks
The Liancourt Rocks, known as Dokdo in Korean, and Takeshima in Japanese, are a group of small islets in the Sea of Japan.

South Korea enjoys de-facto territorial control over the island. The status is still unresolved as both South Korea as well as Japan claim it their territory. While Japan calls it Takeshima, Koreans call it Dokdo. Interestingly, North Korea also claims sovereignty of the island.

Liancourt Rocks is the Franco-English name of the islets and is derived from Le Liancourt, the name of a French whaling ship that came close to being wrecked on the rocks in 1849. Many maps leave these islands as unnamed due to the dispute.

The Doklam plateau is at the tri-junction of Sikkim(India) - Bhutan - Tibet (China). The trijunction is called as Donglang by China. The land in question span 269 square kilometers on a sparsely populated plateau in Western Bhutan. Since Bhutan has no diplomatic ties with China, it coordinates its relations with China through India. China has recently tried to change the status quo at the tri-junction by sending its troops to build a high mountain road in the area. Bhutan raised the alarm, and India sent its troops to evict the Chinese army construction party from the Doklam bowl. India has said that the two (India-China) governments had reached an agreement in 2012 that the Doklam area would be finalized only through joint consultation involving all parties, i.e., Bhutan, China, and India.
Falkland Islands
The Falkland Islands is a British overseas territory in the southwest Atlantic Ocean; the island is also claimed by Argentina. A bitter war was fought in 1982 between Britain and Argentina over the Falkland Islands. Argentina says that it inherited the islands from the Spanish crown in the early 1800s, Britain bases its claim on the principle of self-determination of the islanders as well as its long-term administration. Since it is a British overseas territory, maps show it as a part of the United Kingdom.
India occupied Kashmir
There is nothing called as India Occupied Kashmir or India Held Kashmir, as under Instrument of Accession, the entire erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir became legal and integral part of India.
Gilgit-Baltistan is part of the northern Kashmir region and is part of Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK). The territory of present-day Gilgit-Baltistan became a separate administrative unit in 1970 under the name "Northern Areas." It was formed by the amalgamation of the former Gilgit Agency, the Baltistan district, and several small former princely states.

Maps may show Gilgit Baltistan as part of the Union Territory of Ladakh, India, under Instrument of Accession, the entire erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir legally and constitutionally became an integral part of India.

Gaza Strip (+ West Bank)
The United Nations General Assembly had in November 2012 voted to upgrade the status of Palestinian territories of West Bank + Gaza Strip to that of Non-member Observer State. This amounts to de facto recognition of statehood. But, the creation of a Sovereign Palestinian State has not been possible as Palestine does not have full control over these territories. Hence as per UN, maps may show West Bank and Gaza Strip as Palestinian territories and show all sorts of boundaries shown in the Israel UN Map.

Golan Heights
Golan Heights is located in the Levant and is under the occupation of Israel. During the Six-Day War, Israel captured Golan Heights from Syria. As of date, the United Nations does not recognize the Israeli occupation of Golan Heights and is not legal according to international laws. The United Nations Security Council Resolution 497, which was unanimously adopted on December 17, 1981, states that Israel's annexation of Golan Heights is "null and void and without international legal effect." The resolution further calls upon Israel to revoke its actions.
Kashmir is located in North India. Since 1947, India and Pakistan have fought four wars over Kashmir. But the question is to whom does Kashmir belong - India or Pakistan. Let us take a peek into history.

In 1947, the princely states were given a choice to either join India or Pakistan after the partition of British India into India and Pakistan. At that time, Kashmir was a sovereign state ruled by Maharaja Hari Singh. Initially, Maharaja Hari Singh decided to remain neutral, but Pakistan attacked Kashmir by sending in Muslim tribesmen. Following this, Hari Singh joined India. However, Pakistan did not recognize the accession, and today, it is fighting a proxy war to get Kashmir. But as Hari Singh had joined India, Kashmir is a part of the country.
The longest river in the world
Which is the longest river in the world − Nile or Amazon? Which of these two is the longest in the world is a matter of debate. Some scientists consider the Nile to be the longest, while others say it is Amazon. It depends on how one measures the rivers. The exact point where Amazon ends is uncertain as it has many mouths that widen towards the sea. However, if the para estuary (the most distant mouth) is taken into consideration, then the Amazon becomes the longest river, or else, the Nile remains the longest.
Nagorno-Karabakh is a disputed territory. Most of the region is governed by the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and is under the control of ethnic Armenian separatists. However, it is internationally recognized as a part of Azerbaijan. As of date, Nagorno-Karabakh is not recognized by the United Nations. The UN General Assembly has also passed a resolution (A/RES/62/243) calling upon Armenia to withdraw from Azerbaijan territory. Therefore, in maps, it may be shown as a part of Azerbaijan.

New Guinea
New Guinea is the largest island in the southwest Pacific region and the second-largest island in the world after Greenland. The island is located in the north of Australia and divided into two distinct administrative parts - the western part belongs to Indonesia as part of Asia, whereas the eastern region - Papua New Guinea - an independent country - is part of the continent of Oceania.
Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (PoK)
Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK) refers to those parts of the erstwhile princely state of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) upon which Pakistan enjoys de-facto control. It comprises of the so-called 'Azad' Jammu and Kashmir ("AJK"), and Gilgit Baltistan, formerly known as "Northern Areas". However, Pakistan's control over PoK is never accepted by India. By virtue of the Instrument of Accession signed by Maharaja Hari Singh of the erstwhile princely state of J&K on October 26, 1947, India legally claims the entire State of Jammu and Kashmir including areas of PoK as its own. It asks Pakistan to relinquish the control of PoK.

Maps may show PoK as part of Jammu and Kashmir UT, India and Ladakh UT, India.

Pacific and Atlantic Oceans
International Hydrographic Organization" s publication on Limits of Oceans and Seas also subdivides it into the North and South Pacific Ocean, with the Equator being the boundary line between the two. The same goes for the Atlantic Ocean. Larger maps may be depicting these demarcations. However, labeling the "Pacific Ocean" and "The Atlantic Ocean" may also be considered equally correct.

Persian Gulf
In maps, the term "Persian Gulf" may be used for the waterways that are situated between Iran to the northeast and the Arabian peninsula to the southwest. This is in accordance with the United Nations Editorial directive (ST/CS/SER.A/29/Rev.1) and UNGEGN (United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names).
Russia a European Country
Russia is a transcontinental country with land in both Asia and Europe. The Eastern part, which is around 75 percent of the country's area, is situated in Asia, while the western part lies in Europe. The Ural Mountains act as a boundary between Russia's European part and the Asian part. Thus maps may show the respective parts of Russia in their respective continents. For example, the Asia map may show the part of Russia lying to the east of Ural mountains while Europe map may show the portion of Russia lying to the west of Urals.
Sea of Japan
The Sea of Japan is a body of water between Japan, North Korea, Russia, and South Korea. As of date, the international name for the Sea of Japan is disputed. While the Japanese government uses the name Sea of Japan, South Korea calls it the East Sea. Like many other international organizations, maps follows both names − The Sea of Japan and East Sea, later in parentheses, like this "Sea of Japan (East Sea)."

Swaziland/ eSwatini
King Mswati of Swaziland made a declaration on the 50th independence anniversary of the country that the name "Swaziland" would revert to "eSwatini." The celebrations were also held to celebrate the King's 50th birthday. The King was bothered that people always confuse the name of the country with Switzerland. Swaziland and eSwatini mean the same, that is, "place of the Swazis." The state will formally be known as the "Kingdom of eSwatini."
Vatican City a Country
Vatican City is the smallest independent country in the world. Though the Vatican City is not a member of the UN, it is a permanent observer state.

The Sinai Peninsula
The Sinai Peninsula or simply Sinai is a peninsula in Egypt. It is situated between the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Red Sea to the south and serves as a land bridge between Asia and Africa. It is the only part of Egyptian territory located in Asia.

Tibet is a region on the Tibetan Plateau in Asia. As of date, Tibet is an Autonomous Region of People's Republic of China, therefore the maps show it as a part of China.

Mainland China or Peoples Republic of China is shown to include Taiwan (ROC), Hong Kong and Macau. But for commercial and business maps, these regions are shown separate to depict the business interest of these regions.

Western Sahara
As of date, Western Sahara is a disputed territory. Western Sahara was a former Spanish colony; however, in 1975, it was annexed by Morocco. The United Nations lists it as a non−decolonized territory. Thus Western Sahara is included in the UN List of Non-Self-Governing Territories. Ever since, it has been a subject of territorial dispute between Morocco and the regions indigenous Saharawi people, who are led by the Polisario Front.
Last Updated On June 19,2020
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